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Equal Treatment Authority

HUNGARY: Equal Treatment Authority

Main Informations


The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority is an autonomous administrative body which safeguards the values embraced by the so called equality directives. The Act CXXV of 2003 on Equal Treatment and Promotion of Equal Opportunities (the general Hungarian anti-discrimination act; hereinafter the Ebktv., following the Hungarian abbreviation) came into force on 27 January 2004. The Hungarian Equal Treatment Authority (hereinafter: the Authority) has been working since 1 February 2005. According to the Ebktv. the Authority is an autonomous administrative body from 1 January 2012. The Authority is independent, subject only to the law, cannot be instructed relating to the performance of its duties, and carries out its duties independently from other public authorities, without any external influence. All of the Authority’s duties shall be provided for by law. The financial independence of the Authority became completed on 1 January 2013 by inserting the following provision into the Ebktv.: the Authority is a central budgetary agency invested with a managing body’s legal status. The budget of the Authority constitutes a separate title within the budget chapter of the Parliament. Basically, the Authority pursues proceedings at the request of the injured party or on its own motion (ex officio) in order to investigate whether the principle of equal treatment has been violated or not. Beside that the scope of the Authority covers inter alia the following. The Authority pursuant to the right of actio popularis, may initiate a lawsuit with a view to protecting the rights of persons and groups whose rights have been violated; shall make proposals concerning governmental decisions and legislation pertaining to equal treatment; shall regularly inform the public and the Government about the situation concerning the enforcement of equal treatment; shall continually provide information to those concerned and provide assistance in acting against violations of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of governmental reports to international organisations, particularly to the Council of Europe concerning the principle of equal treatment; shall assist in the preparation of the reports for the Commission of the European Union concerning the harmonisation of directives on equal treatment.

Brief history

Date of establishment: February 2005
Mode of establishment:
- By Act CXXV of 2003 on equal treatment and the promotion of equal opportunities;
- By the Government Decree No 362/2004 (XII.26.) on the Equal Treatment Authority and the detailed regulation of its procedure.
Status: independent (autonomous) administrative organization, which was set up to receive and deal with individual and public complaints on unequal treatment and to implement the principles of equality and non discrimination.

Mandate type
  • Predominantly tribunal-type (quasi-judicial) body
Litigation powers
  • Bringing proceedings in own name
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) legally binding
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)yesyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)yesyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)yesyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Recommendations on discrimination issuesyesyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Publications and reportsyesyesyesyesyesnonononono
Research projects (including surveys)yesyesyesyesyesnonononono
Other statistics
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)13001000273814961005884no datano datano datano data
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)377359822589432407no datano datano datano data
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media16720080525811120958no datano datano datano data
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
Management details

The Authority is led by its President, who is appointed by the President of the Republic for 9 years.

Additional details

The Authority is an independent (autonomous) administrative organisation.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
1311810910no datano datano datano data
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
Grounds / FieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Gender Identityyesyesyesyesyes
Race and Ethnic Originyesyesyesyesyes
Sexual Orientationyesyesyesyesyes
Religion & Beliefyesyesyesyesyes

Other grounds : skin colour, mother tongue, state of health, political or other opinion, family status, motherhood (pregnancy) or fatherhood, social origin, financial status, part-time status or fixed-term of the employment relationship, membership in an interest representation organisation, any other status, feature or attribute

Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
no datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data
Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions).
no datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data
We are accountable to:
  • National audit institution (i.e. for financial reporting)

Related News

Our colleagues at the Equal Treatment Authority in Hungary are the next members to take over the Equinet Twitter account (@equineteurope) as part of our #MeetNEBs campaign.


The enumeration of protected characteristics in the law is open-ended, the last one mentioned is „other situation, characteristic or feature” in Section 8 (t). This does not imply, however, that the law affords protection based on any characteristic or situation that might conceivably apply to an individual, for that would render the regulation meaningless. The range of characteristics and situations protected under this concept must be similar to the explicitly listed characteristics in the law.

This publication by the Equal Treatment Authority outlines the concept of other situation and its appearance and interpretation in the Authority’s application of the law.


2017 was a busy year for the Equal Treatment Authority (ETA) in Hungary. As part of its promotional functions, the national equality body has produced four publications, which are now also available in English. These include the ETA’s Manual on Preventing Workplace Harassment and on the Forms of Rights Enforcement , Harassment in the Area of Education , and the experience of ETA with discrimination in the area of education, as well as a survey report on legal awareness of the right to equal treatment in Hungary .


Back to European Directory of Equality Bodies

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

Equal Treatment Authority

Full name in the national language(s):

Egyenlő Bánásmód Hatóság

Postal address:
Krisztina körút 39/B, 1013 Budapest, Hungary

General email address:

06 80 203 939 (only from Hungary)

Telephone number:

+36 1 795 2975

Other social media channels:

Egyenlő Bánásmód Hatóság (Facebook)

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

Hungarian, English

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Katalin Gregor

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Ágnes Honecz

Engagement with Equinet

Contact Person


Katalin Gregor